Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2015;4(3):152-154. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2015.01016)

Gonadal vein leiomyosarcoma: A case report with radiological findings.

Matsuzono T, Chan YH, Chan YM


A 56 year old postmenopausal lady presented with a rapidly enlarging pelvis mass. Clinical and ultrasonographic features were compatible with a rapidly enlarging fibroid with possible sarcomatous changes, and hence, computated tomography (CT) scan was performed to further delineate the nature and extent of the disease. However, CT scan revealed a huge tumour arising from the retroperitoneal space along the course of the left gonadal vein with typical radiological features of a gonadal vein leiomyosarcoma which were described in previous literatures. With joint collaboration with the surgeons, radical surgery with optimal debulking was subsequently performed for the patient and the diagnosis was confirmed intra-operatively and histologically.

KEYWORDS: Ovarian vein leiomyosarcoma, vascular leiomyosarcoma, computated tomography

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