Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2012;1(4):151-156. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2012.v1.4.151)
Classification and management of hepatolithiasis: A high-volume, single-center's experience.
Feng XB, Zheng SG, Xia F, Ma KS, Wang SG, Bie P, Dong JH
Hepatolithiasis is endemic to East Asia, but immigration from the region means that this rare but emerging disease will pose a therapeutic challenge to doctors in the West as well. Curative management of hepatolithiasis is difficult since its etiology has not been fully elucidated. Hepatectomy is the best approach to treating hepatolithiasis. Here, we propose a novel classification of hepatolithiasis and describe features of each type. We then relate our experience with various forms of hepatectomy to treat different types of hepatolithiasis. Surgery should be indicated for all cases of hepatolithiasis. The proposed classification will help to determine surgical strategies. Better selection of which patients should undergo a hepatectomy will lead to better outcomes.