Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2023;12(1):58-61. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2022.01099)
Type XV osteogenesis imperfecta: A novel mutation in the WNT1 gene, c.620G >A (p.R207H), is associated with an inner ear deformity
Zhu JC, Liu K, He S, Yang ZH, Song JY, Ju Y, Xiong CY, Zhang GM, Yang W, Tang CH
The Wnt signaling pathway is vital in encouraging bone growth. WNT1 gene mutations have been identified as the major cause of type XV osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Described here is a case of complex heterozygous WNT1 c.620G>A (p.R207H) and c.677C >T (p.S226L) OI caused by a novel mutation at locus c.620G >A (p.R207H). The female patient had type XV OI, distinguished by poor bone density, frequent fractures, a small stature, skull softening, lack of dentine hypoplasia, a brain malformation, and obvious blue sclera. A CT scan of the temporal bone revealed abnormalities of the inner ear, necessitating a hearing aid 8 months after birth. There was no family history of such disorders in the proband's parents. The proband inherited complex heterozygous WNT1 gene variants c.677C>T (p.S226L) and c.620G>A (p.R207H) from her father and mother, respectively. Presented here is a case of OI with inner ear deformation caused by c.620G>A (p.R207H), which is a novel WNT1 site mutation. This case broadens the genetic spectrum of OI and it provides a rationale for genetic testing of mothers and a medical consultation to estimate the risk of fetal illness.