Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2023;12(1):45-57. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2022.01121)
Telotristat Etiprate alleviates rheumatoid arthritis by targeting LGALS3 and affecting MAPK signaling
Zhang L, Lin YW, Xu XR, Liu HH, Wang XY, Pan JH
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most widespread chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases characterized by continuous erosion of bone and cartilage by synovial hyperplasia. Telotristat Etiprate is an inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of serotonin. Telotristat Etiprate can be used in the treatment of carcinoid syndrome. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of Telotristat Etiprate on RA and its mechanism. We investigated Telotristat Etiprate in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model mice and in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). Results showed that Telotristat Etiprate had anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo, can inhibit the invasion and migration of cells, inhibit the formation of pannus, and induce cell apoptosis. Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) and mass spectrometry analysis showed that Galectins-3 (LGALS3) could be a newly identified target of Telotristat Etiprate, affecting the phosphorylation of the MAPK signaling pathway through UBE2L6, thereby improving RA.