Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2022;11(4):219-221. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2022.01096)
KCNB1 frameshift variant caused inherited intellectual disability, developmental delay, and seizure
Uctepe E, Esen FN, Tümer S, Mancılar H, Yeşilyurt A
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily B member 1 (KCNB1) encodes Kv2.1 potassium channel. KCNB1 mutations are known to cause global developmental delay, behavioral disorders, and various epilepsies. Most variants occur de novo and are rarely inherited. Here, we report a 14-year-old male patient who was admitted to our clinic with seizures, developmental delay history, and intellectual disability. Brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) was normal and electroencephalogram (EEG) showed spike and sharp-wave complexes emerging in the left hemisphere parietooccipital areas, which were paroxysmally generalized. We performed whole exome sequence analysis (WES) and identified a heterozygous frameshift mutation c.522delA in exon 1 of KCNB1 (NM_004975.4) predicting a premature stop codon p.Lys174Asnfs*20 in the proband. Sanger sequencing confirmed the heterozygous c.522delA mutation in the proband and his mother who also had epilepsy and learning difficulties. His 45 year old mother had used antiepileptic drugs for 9 years after a seizure episode at 12 years old. Also, his mother's uncle's son is nonverbal and has developmental delay and epilepsy. Our study shows that frameshift mutation cytoplasmic domain of KCNB1 gene can cause intrafamilial phenotypic variability and relatively mild clinical findings in these patients.