Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2022;11(4):215-218. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2022.01075)
The aberrant behavior profile in Indonesian individuals with fragile X syndrome with limited genetic services
Winarni TI, Sumekar TA, Sarjana W, Hardian H, Hagerman RJ, Faradz SMH
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by the full mutation in the fragile x messenger ribonucleoprotein 1 (FMR1) gene leading to the absence of the fragile X protein (FXP). Previous studies show that individuals with FXS exhibit changing behavior over time; therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the aberrant behavior profile of FXS individuals. The Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) was used to measure the aberrant behavior profile of individuals with FXS, which was rated by the parent/caregiver combined with clinical impression. A total of 58 items were used to assess aberrant behaviors across five subscales. Forty-nine individuals with FXS were included (32 males, 17 females) with a mean age of 32.9 ± 14.62 years in males and 33.4 ± 13.98 years in females. The average score of irritability and hyperactivity was significantly higher in male FXS individuals (5.37 ± 6.231 and 10.28 ± 8.524) than in female individuals (3.24 ± 7.093 and 3.76 ± 3.327) with p = 0.046 and p = 0.001, respectively. Overall irritability in FXS individuals significantly decreased over time (ß = −0.141; p = 0.032). A modest worsening in lethargy/social withdrawal in males across age and a gentle improvement in hyperactivity/noncompliance in male of FXS individuals were observed. FXS males had higher hyperactivity problems than FXS female individuals across age.