Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2022;11(4):189-195. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2022.01094)

Assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with spina muscular atrophy in China

Duan C, Ai D, Xu Q, Sui B, Zhao K


Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare disease that has attracted considerable interest in China due to its severity and hefty treatment costs. Few studies have been conducted on Chinese patients. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of life of SMA patients in China and to investigate the real impact of new treatments. We used the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) to analyze the Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with SMA in China. Information on demographics, disease-specific characteristics, and treatment were collected using a child-reported or proxy-reported questionnaire. The mean scores of HRQoL for the Nusinersen treatment group and conventional treatment groups are 55.6 and 48.4, respectively. Patients with SMA type I have the lowest scores, while those with type III have the highest scores. A higher proportion of the medication group showed improvement in the condition in the past six months (56.9% vs. 17.1%). Our results show that the clinical type, motor function and treatment strategy have a significant influence on HRQoL. The findings imply that Nusinersen benefits patients by slowing the progression of the disease and increasing their quality of life in the real world.

KEYWORDS: spina muscular atrophy, quality of life, patient-reported outcome, rare diseases, Nusinersen

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