Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2021;10(2):75-80. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2020.03162)
Surgical treatment of scoliosis in Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy: a case series of 3 patients
Faldini C, Viroli G, Fiore M, Barile F, Manzetti M, Merlini L, Ruffilli A
Scoliosis in Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (UCMD) is very common, with a reported incidence of more than 50%, and it is rapidly progressive. There are no previous studies which specifically focus on scoliosis surgery in UCMD patients. This article reports three cases of scoliosis surgery in UCMD, focusing on operative course, clinical and radiological results achieved, fusion area and complications, with a 2-year follow-up. The surgical technique adopted for vertebral arthrodesis included: high-density pedicle screw systems, asymmetric rods contouring and direct vertebral rotation. The summary results shown a significative correction of the coronal deformity, with a reduction of the mean Cobb angle from 49° to 25° post-operatively. Mean pelvic tilt remained stable, while L5-tilt showed a decrease from 10° to 6°. Mean screw density was 1.92. None of the patients required extended fixation to S2. No major complications were reported, and patients maintained their pre-operative walking ability. All the patients reported a subjective improvement in quality of life, with a better sitting comfort. In conclusion, posterior spinal fusion with high-density pedicle screw systems and direct vertebral rotation may be safe and effective in surgical correction of scoliosis in UCMD. If pelvic obliquity and L5-tilt are less than 15°, could be possible to achieve an optimal spinal and pelvic balance even without sacral or pelvic fixation.