Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2018;7(4):271-274. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2018.01094)
Prune belly syndrome: Approaches to its diagnosis and management.
Achour R, Bennour W, Ksibi I, Cheour M, Hamila T, Ben Hmid R, Kacem S
Prune Belly syndrome (PBS) or Eagle-Barrett syndrome is an anatomo-radiological syndrome consisting of a complex and rare malformation characterized by the following triad of symptoms: deficiency of the abdominal muscles, malformations of the urinary tract, and bilateral cryptorchidism. The exact etiology is unknown, though PBS predominantly occurs in males. The clinical manifestations can vary widely, from stillbirth to renal and major respiratory dysplasia to almost normal children. The current study included a total of 3 patients. The findings included clinical characteristics, diagnostics, therapy, and clinical outcomes. All patients were diagnosed with congenital aplasia of the abdominal wall and a variety of urogenital malformations. Cryptorchidism and a mega-bladder were observed in 2 patients and distinctive renal malformations, such as renal dysplasia, were observed in 1 patient. Treatment varies but usually includes surgical management of symptoms. One patient required urgent urinary surgery; a vesicotomy was urgently performed due to anuria. These aspects explain the great diversity of opinions on the approach to this syndrome, but the severity of renal dysplasia is the main prognostic factor. Two newborns died a few days later due to severe renal failure. Despite these concerns, many patients with PBS report being in physical and mental health and having a good quality of life.