Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2018;7(4):264-270. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2018.01111)
Filaggrin, major basic protein and leukotriene B4: Biomarkers for adult patients of bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis.
Bin Saif GA, Rasheed Z, Salama RH, Salem T, Ahmed AA, Zedan K, El-Moniem AA, Elkholy M, Al Robaee AA, Alzolibani AA
Bronchial asthma (BA), atopic dermatitis (AD), and allergic rhinitis (AR) are well known atopic disorders with complex etiologies. This study was undertaken to investigate the role of filaggrin, eosinophil major basic protein (MBP) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in patients with BA, AD, and AR. Sera from 1,246 patients with different atopic disorders and 410 normal healthy controls were collected and were evaluated for filaggrin, MBP and LTB4 by specific sandwich ELISAs, whereas immunoglobulin E (IgE) was used as a positive control for atopic patients. Serum analysis showed that filaggrin levels were remarkably high in patients with AD and in patients with multiple (mixed) atopic disorders (p < 0.001), whereas its levels in BA and AR patients were low but much higher than in normal human sera (p < 0.01). MBP levels were also high in AR, BA and mixed atopic patients, whereas AD patients showed no increase of MBP (p > 0.05). In contrast, LTB4 level was found to be significantly low in all tested atopic patients groups as compared to the levels of LTB4 present in normal human sera (p < 0.001). In conclusion, these findings support an association between filaggrin, MBP or LTB4 and atopic disorders. Our data strongly suggest that filaggrin, MBP or LTB4 might be useful in elucidating the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of these atopic disorders.