Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2017;6(4):310-313. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2017.01063)
Disseminated mucormycosis: A sinister cause of neutropenic fever syndrome.
Tansir G, Rastogi N, Ramteke P, Kumar P, Soneja M, Biswas A, Kumar S, Jorwal P, Baitha U
A 15 year old girl presented with complaints of prolonged fever and recurrent episodes of hemoptysis. Initial investigation showed pancytopenia and radiological imaging was suggestive of necrotizing pneumonia. Subsequently, mucor was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, but even on appropriate medications her condition kept deteriorating. She had multiple bouts of hemoptysis and a repeat imaging of chest showed dissemination of mucormycosis to pulmonary vein and heart. Bone marrow biopsy identified acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as the cause of pancytopenia. She was planned for bronchial artery embolization and chemotherapy for ALL, but consent was not given and she left our institute against medical advice. Our case highlights the importance of keeping a high index of suspicion for disseminated mucormycosis in neutropenic patients, as any delay in diagnosis and treatment could have grave consequences.